Dedicated risk management tool
The increasing number of financial regulations has made it more and more challenging for banks to effectively keep track of all their risks using basic programs such as spreadsheets. In 2014, SBAB decided to invest in 4C’s Exonaut software which started a digital journey leading to new efficiencies, and risk methodologies, for the online bank.
Common risk understanding
Stakeholders throughout the organisation – ranging from middle management to business executives – have access to the risk management solution. Data can be easily partitioned to ensure the right users can easily and only get access to the right information.
“The Exonaut risk management solution serves as a foundation for the organisation to have a common understanding of the risks that it’s exposed to. It enables us to collect data in one central place, so we can easily work with and track it – which facilitates communication among the relevant stakeholders. Keeping data up to date and structured is key to avoid misunderstandings – especially when you have up to 100 users,” says SBAB Risk Analyst and Exonaut System Manager, Filip Rönning.
Clear terminology and framework
This is not something that has happened by chance. The operational risk department has developed a clear and distinct terminology and framework, which it is working hard to implement organisation-wide. This ensures all stakeholders are on the same page when it comes to the communication of risk, and the decisions that have to be taken further down the line.
“If you mix up a control deficiency with a risk, you can end up in some sort of risk paralysis.” Filip continues. “Having a complete framework, which includes control dimensions, enables us to avoid such a mix up. We can also point to which risk a control mitigates and identify the effect it has on the risk exposure. This enables us to make better, risk-informed decisions in terms of if we need to take actions or not.”
Exonaut is used regularly as part of a four-step risk process. The four steps begin with gaining an awareness of the risks that can occur in any given activity. They are then evaluated in terms of the best- and worst-case scenarios. This is documented along with the associated risks, from which conclusions are drawn. Finally, risks are followed-up by answering questions such as: Does the situation need to be changed, or is it possible to proceed as planned and adjust accordingly?
“Risk management isn’t something you do once and put in a drawer for use later down the road.” says Filip. “Risk is a circular process that must be managed continuously, which is a lot easier to do with a digital risk management solution such as Exonaut. The four steps must be present in any activity. The level of detail will essentially depend on the complexity of the activity.”
Three-dimensional approach to risk evaluation
During the time SBAB has been using the Exonaut risk management solution, the bank has gone through a change process, which is dependent on having a common understanding of risk within the organisation. The risk department recently developed a three-dimensional approach to risk evaluation which is currently being implemented organisation-wide.
Filip adds; “Standard risk models only consider the probability and consequences of risk, we wanted to include the current level of control we have over a risk as well. We discovered that the control level dimension adds a very valuable perspective on our risk discussions and decision-making.”
The combination of Exonaut and a three-dimensional approach to risk evaluation offers many other benefits for the bank, not least from a regulatory perspective. “We can map out the mandatory controls as stipulated in the different regulations, in order to define what we need to have in place to be compliant. We can also analyse the different scenarios related to risks to ensure we understand our level of exposure and can prepare for it.” concludes Filip.
Shaping strategy through informed decisions
With this level of information, organisation-wide risk management is playing a key role in the bank’s strategy moving forward. “Using Exonaut, we are able to analyse and identify distinguishing features of the company’s risk exposure within different operational areas – and track our progress. This information feeds into the overall strategy of the company as it enables senior management to take better, more risk-informed decisions.”
About Filip Rönning, SBAB Risk Analyst and Exonaut System Manager
Filip is responsible for the development of frameworks, processes, and methods that support structured management of operational risk and promote a healthy risk culture at the bank. He is also the system manager of the Exonaut risk management solution.
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